Moral Harmony and the Wisdom of Confucius
Confucius was a Chinese philosopher who lived from 571 to 479 BCE. He lived in the state of Lu. He traveled widely in China and went back to his hometown where he opened a school. He is considered the first teacher who taught on inner moral harmony and its connection to the harmony of the society. He taught the rich and the poor and emphasized on the role of teachers as role models in the society. His thoughts are expressed in the philosophy of Confucianism. We understand Confucianism by reading his works and that of his disciples.
What is Confucianism? It is a social philosophical system aimed at improving the lives of individuals and the society. It educates people on the importance of self-motivation and self-drive in an individual. He stated that these attributes make an individual better and contribute to the harmony in a society. He believed that problems in a society are because of lawlessness and selfish individuals. The issue of harmony is central to Confucianism. For example, poor decisions by political leaders bring natural disasters such as floods. For there to be harmony in the society, there needs to be one true way of living and one true correct system.
Regulation of family is important. He said that the existence of love and respect in a family is crucial to the development of a person. He states that parents should love their children and children should respect their parents. In the social life, Confucius focuses on important relationships such as that between ruler and subject, father and son, husband and wife, elders and juniors among others. The harmony in families and friends reflects in the whole community. Siblings must love and care for each other. Confucius argues that teachers play an important life in shaping the lives of young people. This is evident in the Chinese system of education, which is more concerned with moral harmony and responsibility rather than intellectual skills.
Today Confucianism is practiced in Japan, China, Vietnam and Korea. There are over six million followers of Confucianism. It emphasizes on family relations and respect. It also focuses on rituals and ceremonies and finally on the power and benefits of education. In conclusion, we see that the behavior of an individual affects everyone around them. It is thus for important for one to observe morals and maintain discipline and respect. The rulers should also treat its subjects with love and care.