Children with Cancer
Cancer is not just a disease but a collection of diseases. It is the second most common cause of death in the developed nations. Adults with cancer have their own issues and challenges. But children diagnosed with cancer have a unique set of issues. All kinds of cancer have a common pathophysiological process including childhood cancer. Cancer involves out-of-control growth of cells, abnormal development of cells with abnormal sizes and shapes. In cancer, abnormal cells destroy the neighbouring cells, finally can spread or metastasize to other tissues and organ systems. Changes in the DNA in cells during the very early phases of life, sometimes during the perinatal life, often resulted in childhood cancer. Unlike adults, childhood cancers rarely linked to lifestyle or environmental risk factors. Cancer in children is a challenging issue for health care service providing personals including the parents and family members. Moreover, a parent’s worst fear is their children diagnosed with cancer.Generally, the triggering factors for cancer in adults dose not implies to children with cancer. A whole new set of standards have been utilized for understanding the etiology, pathophysiology and treatment goals of cancer in children. Different types of cancer that occurs often in children include:
- Bone cancer
- Brain and other nervous system tumors
Other types of cancer occur very rarely in children.
A plethora of published research indicated the consideration of several factors to be included in the therapy of cancer in children(Berg, 2007; Friedman Dl Fau - Hilden, Hilden Jm Fau - Powaski, & Powaski). The treatment regimens are dependent upon the type and stage of the cancer. Apart from the traditional treatments like chemotherapy, surgery, radiation therapy; therapy for children with cancer need newer dimensions to be included in the treatment regimen. In general, children with cancer respond very well as compared to adults to traditional chemotherapy due to the fast growing nature of cancer found in children. The interventions of psychological, physical and nutritional issues are must as newer dimensions to cancer therapy in children. Along with chemotherapy or radiotherapy or both; therapies for children with cancer require optimization of certain physical activity, maintenance of nutritional status and proper psychological support. It is always recommended that children with cancers must get treatment at a hospital designed especially for children where adequate professional nursing is available.